Rosacea – Causes and Treatment Options

June 2, 2011

Rosacea is a skin ailment that affects adults. Most commonly it looks like redness and bumps on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. It often appears and disappears and can be a cause of embarrassment for many people who thought they had left acne behind in their life.
Causes of Rosacea

It is not clear exactly what causes rosacea. It tends to run in families, so it thought that there is a genetic component to the condition. Additionally, rosacea is more common among people with fair skin or who blush easily. In the past, it was thought that alcohol consumption was a cause of rosacea, but research has not proven this to be the case.

Some of the common triggers for a rosacea flare include eating spicy food, drinking alcohol, taking hot baths, exercise, wind exposure, sun exposure and hot weather.

Rosacea Symptoms

There are a number of symptoms that are common when you are having a flare of rosacea. The most immediate symptom is increased redness along the cheeks, nose, forehead and mouth. Additionally, a flare also includes increased bumps and pimples on these areas of the face. Redness and flushing can remain for several days.

Another common symptom of a rosacea flare is the appearance of a fine webbing of spider veins on the face. As the flare worsens, this network of fine veins can become more obvious.

The face may feel hypersensitive and sting or burn as if it is sunburned. This hypersensitivity can become worse when applying lotions, medications or facial skin products.

Rosacea can also cause dry or irritated red eyes. Vision can become blurry during an outbreak and the eyelids can look swollen and red.

Rosacea Treatment

While there is no cure for rosacea, there are now effective treatments for this skin condition. The most common approach by doctors is to use antibiotic medications, either in the form of creams or pills. Creams are applied to the facial skin and pills are used to treat eye problems that may occur from frequent rosacea flares or outbreaks.

If the first line of antibiotics are not effective, then your doctor may try other medications to treat your rosacea, such as Accutane or Retin-A. While these medications are extremely effective, women should not take them while they are pregnant or trying to get pregnant.

Finally, surgery to correct skin problems that may occur from long term untreated rosacea flares can be performed, but this is a rosacea treatment of last resort.

While rosacea can be an embarrassment skin condition, it can easy be treated by your doctor or dermatologist. Without treatment, it can become worse over time and the skin can become waxy and unsightly in appearance. If you believe you are suffering from adult acne or rosacea, seek the help of a doctor and you will find relief in medical treatment.

To learn about some popular alternative rosacea treatment options, please visit


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